EU Research and Innovation Initiatives
What is it?
Different modules facilitate the participation of industry in the agenda setting of the Research Policy at European level.
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) were introduced with the Recovery Plan, the EU’s response to the economic crisis in key areas of the economy – manufacturing, automotive and construction. PPPs facilitate the cooperation between the EU and private partners in the field of research and innovation. They have been created to drive research and innovation while aiming to strengthen the European industrial base, creating a sustainable European industry and employment. PPPs represent a pragmatic shift from previous programmes due to the focus on industry-relevant research roadmaps and pre-competitive cooperation.
Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) are a means to implement the Strategic Research Agendas (SRAs) of a few ETPs, whose scale and scope of the objectives is such that require a dedicated mechanism enabling coordination to achieve the research objectives. The JTIs instrument is usually used for specific sectors and challenges and are somewhat narrower than the above mentioned PPPs which aim at broader sectors of the economy.
European Technology Platforms are networks which allow stakeholders to define research priorities in order to fine-tune research in different sectors. Their agendas derive from dialogue between researchers and policy makers and influence the European research funding schemes. ETPs foster the function of Public-Private Partnerships and JTIs.
European Innovation Partnerships (EIPs)
The EIP instrument is a relatively new instrument. It is not a classical funding instrument, but serves to better coordinate with broader policies and programmes. EIPs address certain societal challenges, as for example active and healthy ageing, raw materials and smart cities.
Why is it important?
The participation of industry at EU level research was in decline over the past few years mainly due to the overwhelming bureaucracy, the low success rates and the long grant application procedures.
The creation of ETPs and in particular of PPPs and JTIs allowed the participation of industry in the agenda setting with beneficial results. The PPP Factories of the Future for example resulted so far in an increase in the participation of industry, reversing the decrease seen in other European programmes. It has also resulted in a much short ‘time-to-grant’, meaning that consortia have a much shorter waiting period than in previous framework programmes.
Private sector participation would be boosted by adopting a more flexible approach to the adaptation of project duration, consortium composition and scope modifications warranted by market developments.
How we’ve been engaged
Orgalime is actively involved in the industrial initiatives that contribute to the agenda setting of the EU. In particular, we participate in the High Level Group of the ETP Manufuture and we had an instrumental role in the establishment of EFFRA, the European Association for the PPP Factories of the Future.
‘Factories of the Future’ PPP aims to secure the competitiveness and sustainability of European industry through the development of new technologies. By improving the technological base, the PPP will help European enterprises and in particular SMEs to adapt to pressure from global competition. To date 61 projects have been initiated under the first two research calls of the partnership with over double this amount expected to be launched in response to the two forthcoming ones.
Manufuture is the ETP on advanced manufacturing technologies aiming to ensure European leadership in manufacturing technologies. The participation of national and regional sections across Europe ensures that its strategies reflect pan-European industrial needs. Manufuture develops and implements a strategy based on research and innovation, capable of speeding up the rate of industrial transformation to high-added-value products and manufacturing output in the future knowledge-driven economy.