Policies & Issues

Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)


What is it?

The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) is the result of the legislative recast of the former Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive.  Directive 2010/75/EU (IED) was published in the Official Journal on 17 December 2010, and merges the IPPC Directive with the following seven sectoral directives into one single Directive:

  • Directive 78/176/EEC on waste from the titanium dioxide industry which was repealed with effect from 7 January 2014.
  • Directive 82/883/EEC on procedures for the surveillance and monitoring of environments concerned by waste from the titanium dioxide industry which was repealed with effect from 7 January 2014.
  • Directive 92/112/EEC on procedures for harmonising the programmes for the reduction and eventual elimination of pollution caused by waste from the titanium dioxide industry which was repealed with effect from 7 January 2014.
  • Directive 1999/13/EC on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations which was repealed with effect from 7 January 2014.
  • Directive 2000/76/EC on the incineration of waste which was repealed with effect from 7 January 2014.
  • Directive 2008/1/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control which was repealed with effect from 7 January 2014.
  • Directive 2001/80/EC on Large Combustion Plants, which will be repealed with effect from 1 January 2016.

The IED establishes a general framework for the control of the principal industrial activities/processes with a view to controlling emissions arising from industrial installations into air, water and soil.  The sectors covered include, among other, the energy industries, production and processing of metals, waste management, the chemical industry, the mineral industry and the rearing of animals.  The IED rules that installations should operate only if they hold a permit or, in certain cases, if they are registered.

The directive follows the concept of Best Available Techniques (or BAT).  The legally binding BAT conclusions are part of BAT reference documents (BREFs).  These documents are prepared by the Technical Working Groups (TWG) that meet up in Seville in the frame of the European IPPC Bureau.

BATs contain the emission levels associated and must be adopted by the European Commission via Comitology.  In this task, the Commission is assisted by a member states’ committee (also known as Article 75 Committee).  These conclusions will serve as a reference for the drawing up of plant permit conditions by national authorities.


Why is it important?

Shifting from the IPPC framework to the IED brings important changes to which manufacturing operations in Europe, including those of Orgalime industries, need to adapt. With respect to its implementation, the Commission envisaged in its work programme to review a large number of BAT reference documents (BREFs) as well as to launch of the development of new BREFs.  The expertise of the Seville Technical Working Group will remain essential in this context, in particular to identify and ensure fair and appropriate development of BREFs.  Orgalime is interested in ensuring a proper representation of its sector in the Seville process so that BREFs and binding BAT Conclusions derived from it, tie in well with the state of the art of technology.


Our viewpoint

Orgalime believes that the maintaining of the Seville process with the indispensable involvement of technical experts for the development of BAT-BREFs documents and the adjustment of the scope of the directive to environment relevance are ways forward to guarantee both, a high level of protection of the environment and human health and the necessary level playing field for our industries that have to face ever changing legislations in a variety of sectors.


How we’ve been engaged

Orgalime is actively participating in the 'Seville Process', meaning that we nominate experts to the European IPPC Bureau in Seville who contribute to the work of the technical working groups on the following BREFs of relevance to our industries:

Additionally, Orgalime is an official member of the IED 'Article 13 Forum' which is a stakeholder committee.  This Committee is convened by the Commission as an exchange of information platform with member states, the affected industries, non-governmental organisations following the drawing up, reviewing and updating of the BREFs. Orgalime follows the IED developments, and especially the implementation activities of the Directive, in a specific IED network.  Alongside, Orgalime cooperates with BusinessEurope and contributes to the development of cross industry positions with the ad hoc group of the Industrial Emissions Alliance including colleagues from other sector specific organisations.  The IED Alliance meets regularly, every three months, and especially before Article 13 Forum and Article 75 Committee (member states) meetings.


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