Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) + Simple Pressure Vessels Directive (SPVD)
What is it?
The new Directive 2014/68/EU recently replaced the old Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) (1997/23/EC) as it has been aligned with the New Legislative Framework (NLF) and the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Hazardous Substances Regulation (1272/2008/EU). It provides a European legislative framework for equipment subject to pressure and applies to the design, manufacture and conformity assessment of pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0,5 bar. The new Directive 2014/68/EU is applicable as from 19 July 2016 but article 13 of the Directive which relates to the classification of pressure equipment has to meet the requirements of the CLP Regulation as from 1 June 2015.
A wide range of engineering companies are manufacturing or using equipment which are within the scope of this Directive: boilers, compressors, pressurised storage containers, heat exchangers, steam generators, industrial piping, safety devices and pressure accessories which are used in a large variety of industries: plastics, pharmaceutical, food, beverage etc.
The new Simple Pressure Vessels Directive (SPVD) (2014/29/EU) applies to simple pressure vessels manufactured in series. The simple pressure vessel is described in the Directive as “any welded vessel subjected to an internal gauge pressure greater than 0,5 bar which is intended to contain air or nitrogen and which is not intended to be fired”. The new SPVD is applicable as from 20 April 2016.
By adopting both Directives, the European regulator aimed to harmonise the design, the manufacturing, testing and conformity assessments of such equipment so as to open up the European internal market to compliant equipment meeting the Directives’ health and safety requirements, satisfying the methods used for conformity assessments and bearing the CE marking.
Why is it important?
As already mentioned, the equipment falling under the scope of these 2 Directives are used in a variety of industries and they should therefore be applied in a coherent and harmonised manner throughout the EU to avoid technical barriers to trade and so as to guarantee safe use of them.
These 2 Directives are highly complex and technical. Orgalime has participated in the European Commission’s working groups who are in charge of drafting interpretation guidelines for a long time. As it is the case for other directives, these guidelines are not legally binding but are widely used and recognised in the pressure sector by both manufacturers and authorities.
With the alignment of both Directives to the New Legislative Framework and in view of the application date of both Directives, the European Commission will have to change the structure and numbering of all guidelines. Some guidelines will be removed if no longer needed. As it has been the case in the past, Orgalime will continue to play an important role in redrafting some of the guidelines and will soon propose new guidelines to clarify the new concepts that are introduced in the directives for our manufacturers.
How we’ve been engaged
Orgalime and its members are widely recognised as one of the main stakeholders in the pressure sector and we participate actively in both the Working Group Pressure and the Working Party Guidelines of the European Commission. Orgalime has been the initiator of some of the guidelines that have been adopted by the European Commission. In 2011-2012 Orgalime’s industries were also involved as the main stakeholder in the evaluation study that was undertaken by the Commission on the implementation of the Pressure Equipment Directive in member states.
As already mentioned above, the Orgalime PED task force, will mainly focus on analysing the guidelines for both PED and SPVD in order to help our manufacturers to apply both Directives adequately.
- Pressure equipment directive
- Simple pressure vessels directive
- Commission website on PED equipment
- Commission website on SPVD
- Study on the implementation of PED-questionnaire
- PED guidelines
- SPVD guidelines
- Updated guidelines on simple pressure vessels